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10% of persons initially seen in outpatient settings for psychological symptoms have an organic disease causing the symptoms. For example, Slater (1965) studied 85 patients (32 men and 53 women) diagnosed as having "hysteria".  Followed up 7-11 years, more than a third proved to have organic disease. Medical assessments were undertaken on 529 patients drawn from eight community mental health centers in California. 17% were found to have an organic condition that either caused or exacerbated the emotional symptoms for which the person was being treated. Quoted from alternativementalhealth

1. What is potable water?

2. Dehydration is a world wide problem in both developed and developing countries.

It is the most abundant substance in our bodies. On the average, an adult's body weight is 55 to 75 percent water. That means each of us contains about 10 to 12 gallons of water. How much water comprises each of us varies from person to person. For example, the leaner a person is, the higher the proportion of water in her or his body. Males carry a higher percentage of water than females, because males bodies are more muscle. Muscle tissue is about 73 percent water, while body fat is about 25 percent water. Even bones are 22 percent water.

Water plays a number of important roles in the body. It regulates body temperature, carries nutrients and oxygen to cells, removes waste, cushions joints and protects organs and tissues. Since the brain is 70 percent water, blood is 82 percent water, and the lungs are nearly 90 percent water, it is easy to see how even mild dehydration can cause problems. Link to source of quote.

3. An excellent resource at saferchild and what is dehydration on wrongdiagnosis and one from Harvard med school.

4. Link to how much should you drink each day - source article at the Mayo Clinic

5. Press the flesh in a well hydrated person and you will notice the finger impression on their hand or leg quickly dissapears. The flesh pushes up against the indentation with a juicy elasticity. In a dehydrated person the flesh stays depressed leaving a finger print for some time. Another adjunct test is frequency, volume and quality of urination (darker colour, stronger odour). Many people miss a drink or two in order to avoid a toilet stop on a long trip or during work hour s .

6. Link to diagnostic signs of infant dehydration.

7. In general, the amount of fluid that should be consumed every day is:

8. Dehydration may contributes to these ill health processes:

Retrieved from inspiredliving on 20/03/06 with my edits and additions.

Many of the symptom below can be related not only to dehydration but to other imbalances. Obviously if having appropriate fluid intake makes no difference to these symptoms then other steps must be taken to address the underlying causes.

Water and Heartburn

Heartburn may be a signal of water shortage in the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract and also of not chewing food properly. The ayurvedic rule is drink your food (very well chewed) and sip your drinks.

Heartburn is a major thirst signal of the human body. The use of antacids or tablet medications in the treatment of this pain does not correct dehydration, and the body continues to suffer as a result of its water shortage. Continuing to gulp food and fluids will promote heartburn.

Not recognizing heartburn as a sign of dehydration or poor pre-digestion in the mouth and treating it with antacids and pill medications can, in time, produce inflammation of the stomach and duodenum, hiatal hernia, ulceration, and eventually cancers in the gastrointestinal tract, including the liver and pancreas.

Water and Arthritis

Rheumatoid joint pain - arthritis - may be a signal of water shortage in the painful joint. It can affect the young as well as the old. The use of pain-killers does not cure the problem, but exposes the person to further damage from pain medications. Intake of water and small amounts of salt is part of the answer.

Water and Back Pain

Low back pain and ankylosing arthritis of the spine might also be signs of water shortage in the spinal column and discs - the water cushions that support the weight of the body. These conditions may be treated with increased water intake - not a commercial treatment, but a very effective one.

Not recognizing arthritis and low back pain as signs of dehydration in the joint cavities and treating them with pain-killers, manipulation, acupuncture and eventually surgery can, in time, produce osteoarthritis when the cartilage cells in the joints have eventually all died.

Water and Angina

Heart pain - angina - may be a sign of water shortage in the heart/lung axis. It can be treated with increased water intake until the patient is free of pain and independent of medications. Medical supervision is prudent.

Water and Migraines

Migraine headache can be a sign of water need by the brain and the eyes. It can totally clear up if dehydration is prevented from establishing in the body. The type of dehydration that causes migraine might eventually cause inflammation of the back of the eye.

Water and Colitis

Colitis pain might be a signal of water shortage in the large gut. Not recognizing colitis pain as a sign of dehydration can cause persistent constipation.

Water, Salt and Asthma

Asthma is a complication of dehydration in the body and of overbreathing, which leaves too little carbon dioxide in the blood. Asthma may be caused by the drought management programs of the body, by food intolerance as well as genetic predisposition. In asthma, free passage of air is obstructed so that water does not leave the body in the form of vapor. Increased water intake may prevent asthma attacks. The Buteyko method of breathing teaches a way to increase the carbon dioxide in the blood, which is the body's natural vasodilator and reduces the amount of water that is lost through over breathing.

Water and High Blood Pressure

Hypertension is a state of adaptation of the body to a generalized drought, when there is not enough water to fill all the blood vessels that diffuse water into vital cells. As part of the mechanism of reverse osmosis, when water from the blood serum is filtered and injected into important cells through minute holes in their membranes, extra pressure is needed for the "injection process." Water and some salt intake can bring blood pressure back to normal!

Not recognizing hypertension as an indicators of dehydration in the human body, and treating it with diuretics further dehydrate the body.

Water and Early Adult-onset Diabetes

Adult-onset diabetes is another adaptive state to severe dehydration of the human body. To have adequate water in circulation and for the brain's priority water needs, the release of insulin is inhibited to prevent insulin from pushing water into all body cells. In diabetes, only some cells get survival rations of water. Water and some salt may reverse adult-onset diabetes in its early stages.

Water and Blood Cholesterol

High cholesterol levels are an indicator of early drought management by the body. Cholesterol is a clay-like material that is poured in the gaps of some cell membranes to safeguard them against losing their vital water content to the osmotically more powerful blood circulating in their vicinity. Cholesterol, apart from being used to manufacture nerve cell membranes and hormones, is also used as a "shield" against water taxation of other vital cells that would normally exchange water through their cell membranes.

Water and Depression, Loss of Libido, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lupus, Multiple Sclerosis, Muscular Dystrophy

These conditions may also be a symptom of prolonged chronic dehydration. They can clear up once the body becomes well and regularly hydrated. In these conditions, exercising one's muscles should be part of the treatment program.

This article is adapted from a more alarmist version one at where further articles on dehydration articles can be found.

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